In the domain of human culture there exists the inner spiritual and psychical world and the external social world. Hence culture defines shared values and behaviors of humans and their subgroups, not the individual (Anderson 1999). This is would be true of substance based faith systems and a mechanized analytical perspective of collective psychology and behavior. This is an important issue as advances in mechanism have approached a quantum level in physics and an exponential level in computing towards what some are predicting as a coming Technological Singularity (Kurzweil 2001).
Society can refer to two categories: 1. Species – homo sapiens 2. Group – a culture perspective of culture which binds individuals into a group inclusive as manner, morals, tools, and techniques (Anderson 1999).
Humans are not a self generating phenomena. Either we emerged from lower level material carbon based elements or were created by a higher level order.
A system defines the highest level order. It is not chaos although it may be a process in a flux. The substantive faith base approach would argue that we are controlled under a deity who lives in a higher dimensional space. Such a macro system would be highly ordered and eternally stable. Other teological and eshatological end states which control lower level systems and microsystems are possible.
Hence the Vedas are a system as is Mechanism. Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism are also systems. Socialism and Communism are also systems. In a concept of society and culture these systems have a common baseline in that they aspire to ordinate the individual in a collective culture.
In contrast crime can also be a system. War crimes and other criminal enterprises are also systemic. Hence defining these organized collective acts means that they have risen to the highest level of severity.
Here we are primarily, but not in it’s entirety focused on stating events in the positive first then negative or other lesser degree second.
Systemic analysis concentrates on recognizing patterns, unity, and coherent wholeness. It seeks to establish relationships between the suprasystem and it’s components, subcomponents, and elements in a manner that can be mastered (Anderson 1999).
Hence a holon may be seen to both part and a whole. This is equivalent to part and parcel. The Vedic concept of Acintya bhedabheda tattva – Hence things are simultaneously one and different.
Prabhupada: One you are already. Because you are foolish, you cannot understand. That is abheda. I am not different. Just like my finger is not different from me. If the finger thinks, “I am different from the body,” that is ignorance (Prabhupada 1 1976).
Therefore Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s philosophy is acintya-bhedabheda-tattva: everything is God, and everything is not God. Bheda-abheda. Bheda means not, different, and abheda means one. Acintya-bhedabheda-tattva. Acintya… For us, how we can adjust, at the same time one and different? Therefore it is acintya. Not cintya, cintanéya. In our present sense it is difficult to adjust things how we are one and different with the Supreme Absolute Truth. Acintya-bhedabheda-tattva (Prabhupada 2 1976).
Systemic thinking intends to grasp in it’s entirety the relationship of a holon or the part and the whole (Anderson 1999).
The concept of holon considers that the object being analyzed is an entity in itself but part of a whole which is the suprasystem. It simultaneously may be part of subsystem or components. Here the concept of autonomy, randomness, and determinism are in itself a focal system and are holons that can each receive primary attention (Koestler 1979).
The suprasystem is a macrosystem that controls lower level systems. Hence your nervous system is the suprasystem in a human and an operating system is the suprasystem in your personal computer. However if we analyze a file as the letter (a) it can not be seen in your browser if there are not other applications that work with operating system. Hence the letter (a) is not autonomous but it’s existence determined by other systems.
Koestler approach states that no one system is determinant nor is behavior determined at one level whether part or whole (Koestler 1979).
Here we can see the concept of energy and flux near a baseline. Hence process and structure with emergence and complexity are seen.
Hard determinism reduces to physics and math.
The same patterns and archetypical elements that create the physical universe at the level of the Cosmos, universe, solar system, and planet to the atom must also have created the individual and social environment in mechanism.
There is no unified field theory at hand. However social systems and general system are converging to provide common language and parsimony in a very gradual manner. This is also in a trajectory under Singularity.
Polarities exist in a positive and negative pattern in dualism. This is a disjunctive either or postulation. In a system based more on oneness or simultaneously one and different this polarity is recognized but perceived more as flux or energy transforming.
Hence energy transforming is a process. It becomes a structure when it is more stable. Hence systems organize their energy become hierarchical reach their apex then disintegrate (Anderson 1999).
Hence a culture raises itself when it’s energy is ordinated and becomes decadent when it is entropic and unfocused. This concept of the structural – process is now prominent.
Anderson, R., Carter, I., and Lowe, G, (1999). Human behavior in the social environment.
A social systems approach. Fifth Edition. New Brunswick USA: Aldine Transaction.
Koestler, Arthur (1979). Janus: A summing up. New York. Random House.
Kurzweil, R. (2001). “Law of accelerating returns”. Retrieved from the World Wide Web: March 15, 2011 from http://www.kurzweilai.net/
Prabhupada, S.1 (1976). 1976 conversations/Morning walk/January 6, 1976, Nellore/
760106mw.nel. Complete Works 5.0/Srila Prabhupada pre-1978.NFO
Prabhupada, S.2 (1976). Srimad Bhagavatam Lectures/Canto Lectures/
Srimad Bhagavatam 1.7 34-35/Vrndavana September 28, 1976/760928.VNR.
Complete Works 5.0/Srila Prabhupada pre-1978.NFO