Çré Caitanya-caritämåta, Ädi-lélä 1.15
Dallas, March 4, 1975
Nitäi: “Glory to the all-merciful Rädhä and Madana-mohana! I am lame and ill advised, yet They are my directors, and Their lotus feet are everything to me.”
jayatäà suratau paìgor
mama manda-mater gaté
[Cc. Ädi 1.15]
This is the surrendering process of the author, Kaviräja Gosvämé. Before beginning to write Caitanya-caritämåta, he submitted himself to the lotus feet of Madana-mohana. (aside:) That child may be… So he is submitting that Rädhä-Madana-mohana… Those who have gone to Våndävana, they have seen the temple of Rädhä-Madana-mohana. That was established by Sanätana Gosvämé, the first disciple of Lord Caitanya Mahäprabhu. Sanätana Gosvämé established this Madana-mohana temple, and Rüpa Gosvämé established that Govindajé’s temple, and the Jéva Gosvämé established Rädhä-Dämodara temple. Gopal Bhaööa Gosvämé established Rädhä-Rämaëa temple. In this way, in Våndävana there are seven temples authorizedly established by the Gauòéya-sampradäya, Caitanya Mahäprabhu’s sampradäya. Later on, many big, big kings and zamindars, landlords, they also established many temples, big, big temples. And altogether, there are five thousand temples in a small city like Våndävana, and thousands of men go to see the Deities in every temple almost every day, and especially during the four months Çravaëa, Bhädra, Äçvina, Kärttika: July, in July, August, September, October. So Våndävana is always crowded by many pilgrims, and anyone who goes there, immediately he feels spiritual consciousness, especially nowadays.
So the Gauòéya Vaiñëava especially… Gauòéya Vaiñëava means the followers of… [break] …Mahäprabhu. There are four Vaiñëava sampradäya originally: from Lord Brahmä, Brahmä-sampradäya; and from Lord Çiva, Rudra-sampradäya; and from goddess of fortune, Lakñmé, Çré-sampradäya; and from the catuù-sana, four kinds of sanas, Sanat Kumära, Sananda, like that. So the four sampradäya is coming from time immemorial. So we belong to the Brahmä sampradäya, the Gauòéya-sampradäya. Sampradäya means just like there are political parties, but their aim is to develop the country, nation’s interest, although… Just like in your country there are political parties, Democratic parties. What other parties?
Prabhupäda: Huh? Republican. Although they are party, their aim is how to develop the country. Similarly, these Vaiñëava sampradäya, although they appear to be a separate party, but their aim is how to serve Kåñëa. So don’t think the party means some opposite party. No. Everyone has got for the advanced devotee to serve the Lord in a particular way so that the Lord may be more satisfied. That is their intention. Sometimes we also have some parties in the temple: someone wants to dress the Deity in a way, another wants to… Of course, they are not transgressing the rules and regulation, but still, everyone wants that “I shall serve the Lord in this particular way.” We cannot change the original rules and regulation, but there is variety. We are not impersonalist. Every person has got to serve the Lord in a particular way, and that is allowed. The central point is Kåñëa. So although there are parties, if the central point is Kåñëa, so there is no dissension. It is a competition, that “My Godbrother, my Godsister, is serving such a way. She is so well versed in this art. Why not try myself to do something?” This is variety. That is not this ordinary party strife if we make Kåñëa the center.
So on the whole, for the Gauòéya Vaiñëava, means the followers of Caitanya Mahäprabhu… Especially in Bengal, there are many thousands followers, Bengal and Orissa. They are mainly followers of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu, and you will find in Våndävana, Navadvépa, many Bengali Vaiñëavas, followers of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. They are living there very, I mean to say, austerity, following austerity, no very much careful about the bodily maintenance. But they are living. They have practically no income, but still, they do not go away from Våndävana. Similarly, Kaviräja Gosvämé also took shelter of Våndävana under the lotus feet of Madana-mohana. Therefore he says, mat-sarvasva-padämbhojau: “The lotus feet of Madana-mohana is my everything. I have taken shelter of Madana-mohanajé. That is my everything.” That is Vaiñëava feeling. They think the lotus feet of Kåñëa as their only possession. But that is the greatest possession. What this material possession will do? One who has taken possession, at least one who is allowed to take possession of the lotus feet of Madana-mohana, is not very easy thing. If Kåñëa gives him the facility… Kåñëa is prepared. How? Simply by service, one can easily become in possession of the lotus feet of the Lord. Sevonmukhe hi jihvädau svayam eva sphuraty adaù [Brs. 1.2.234]. We cannot bring in possession the lotus feet of the Supreme Being. That is not possible. But if we render service, He gives the allowance, “Yes, you can be under My shelter of feet.”
Caitanya Mahäprabhu therefore teaches us to pray to Kåñëa just to become one grain of the dust of His lotus feet.
ayi nanda-tanuja patitaà kiìkaraà
mäà viñame bhavämbudhau
kåpayä tava päda-paìkaja-
[Cc. Antya 20.32, Çikñäñöaka 5]
This should be the prayer to the lotus feet of the Lord, not for any material benefit. That is not very good idea. We should not approach the Supreme Being some material benefit. Material benefit is already there. Everything is arranged by the Supreme Lord for everyone’s necessities of life. There is no question about that. Just like if a person is in the prison house, that prisoner has no problem for his material necessities. The government has arranged already for his eating, sleeping and, if he is sick, medical help. That is not problem. The problem is that he has become criminal by transgressing the laws of the state. Now he should become a very good citizen and come out of the prison house. Then he is happy. Similarly, in this material world, so far our material necessities are concerned, it is already arranged. There is no question of becoming anxious for getting our material necessities. It is already arranged by God.
Therefore Närada Muni says in the Çrémad-Bhägavatam,
tasyaiva hetoù prayateta kovido
na labhyate yad bhramatäm upary adhaù
tal labhyate duùkhavad anyataù sukhaà
kälena sarvatra gabhéra-raàhasä
Närada Muni advises, through Çrémad-Bhägavatam, says, that “You, you have got this human form of life. Now you have no necessity for finding out where is your food, where is your shelter, where is your sex satisfaction, where is your defense. This is not your problem. You should try for that thing, means the thing which will give you relief from these material necessities of life.” That is the advice. We are mistaken. We are… In this morning walk we saw that such a big nation, but the problem is food problem. Early in the morning at six o’clock, they are going to work. They are going to work. Why? Now, for finding out the necessities of life. So what is this civilization? Early in the morning, six o’clock… According to Vedic civilization, one should rise early in the morning and chant Hare Kåñëa, perform maìgala äratrika, worship the Deity. This is the morning business. But the richest nation of the world, they are going to work at 6:30 for earning their bread. Is it very good progress of life? And the whole day they will have to work. Not only here, everywhere, for earning their daily bread, they have to go fifty miles, hundred miles away from home, and every city, in India also, the same thing, in Bombay. They are coming hundred miles off and hanging in the daily passenger railway, very serious condition. And it is stated in the Çrémad-Bhägavatam that a human being at the end of the Kali-yuga will have to work… They are already working like an ass, and actually they will have to work like an ass simply to get their bread. The progress will be this. And not only that, the foodstuff, especially the sattvika foodstuff like fruits and vegetables, milk, rice, wheat, sugar, these things will be not available—completely stopped. So gradually we shall make such advancement. I have seen practically. I went to Moscow, and at least for us, it was very difficult to live there. There is no rice supply. There is no wheat supply. Very rarely… No vegetables, no fruit, some rotten fruit like raspberry and… So at least for us it was very difficult. Of course, milk is available and flesh. Oh, that you can have, as much as you like.
So that is not human life. Human life is… Here it is described, just Kaviräja Gosvämé’s, mat-sarvasva-padämbhojau rädhä-madana-mohanau. Our only asset should be the lotus feet of Kåñëa along with Rädhäräëé. Madana-mohana. Kåñëa is so beautiful that He is more attractive than the Cupid. Madana-mohana. Madana means Cupid. Cupid is supposed to be the most beautiful person within the universe, but Kåñëa is still more beautiful. Kandarpa-koöi-kamanéya-viçeña-çobham [Bs. 5.30]. That is described in the çästra. And when Kåñëa was present, we know from the çästra or from the evidences that Kåñëa was attractive to so many gopés. The gopés were the most beautiful women, and Kåñëa was attractive to them. So just imagine how much beautiful was Kåñëa. Not only to the gopés; there were 16,108 queens of Kåñëa. Therefore His name is Kåñëa. He is attractive to everyone. Jayatam suratau paìgor mama. So why He should not be attractive to fallen souls like us? So that is the position of Kåñëa.
Therefore, Kaviräja Gosvämé, being attracted to Madana-mohana, he is offering his prayer, jayatäà suratau paìgor. Paìgor, paìgoù means lame man; one cannot walk. At least, one cannot walk very swiftly. So jayatäà suratau paìgor mama manda-mater gaté. He is placing himself as manda-mati. Mama manda-mater gaté. Manda, this word, means bad or slow. So every one of us in this material world, we are all bad because… Why bad? Now, because we accepted this material body. Just like in the prison house, all the prisoners, they are bad. Why? Because they have accepted their home in the prison house. Therefore the conclusion is they are all bad. Maybe degrees of difference, but they are all bad. Similarly, anyone who is living in this material world, beginning from Lord Brahmä down to the small insect or ant, who are struggling in this material world… Manaù ñañöhänéndriyäëi prakåti-sthäni karñati [Bg. 15.7]. Kåñëa said that “These living entities within this material world, they are My part and parcel” or “They are My sons.” In another place He says, ahaà béja-pradaù pitä.